motivation and trauma
Chapman, D. P., Dube, S. R., & Anda, R. F. (2007). Adverse childhood events as risk factors for negative mental health outcomes. Psychiatric Annals, 37(5), 359–364.
The discussion on the findings studying the children of holocaust survivors/mothers who endured trauma and the studies on rat-pups can be found in the introduction of this paper:
Data on Walla Walla school district:
Intro and outro song: "with eyes open" by Cathartic Fall
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