Top Node.js Project Architecture Best Practices for Project Development

Node.js is one of the latest innovations in the field of web application development. With the help of Node.js, merchants and developers can create amazing backends for websites, web applications, and mobile devices. However, creating a web application with the help of Node.js can be a complicated process for merchants at times. As it follows a different architecture than other contemporary backend technologies available. Hence, putting efforts towards creating a proper plan for project architecture beforehand while working with Node.js is a must for merchants. For this, they can also hire Node.js development services for their business.

However, a number of merchants tend to avoid proper planning of their website while using Node.js for development. This often happens because either they are unaware of its importance or are trying to rush the development process. But this in the long run can make things more complicated for developers and adversely affect the quality of web applications. To avoid such scenarios, in this article we will discuss the Node.js project architecture best practices. But before we dive into that, let us first take a look into the possible drawbacks of not following best practices for project development.

Drawbacks of not Adapting Node.js Project Architecture Best Practices

Project architecture plays a crucial role in craving the path of a smooth development process. For this, pre-planning of architecture is a must. Below is a list of some of the drawbacks of improper planning:

  1. The code becomes messy and unreadable in the long run.
  2. The testing process prolongs due to the lack of a properly defined flow and structure.
  3. Implementation of new features becomes difficult for merchants.

Best Practices for Creating Efficient Node.js Project Architecture

From the discussion above, we can easily conclude that without proper planning of Node.js architecture the development process can become daunting. To avoid this, it is a must for merchants and developers to adapt to the best practices at the start of the project. But due to a lack of proper knowledge, a lot of merchants tend to avoid this. Below is a list of some of the best practices for creating efficient web applications using Node.js:

Folder structure for project:

Creating relevant folders for each and every functionality and storing functions in them is one of the primary steps for a cleaner codebase. For this, merchants and developers can create the required folders prior to the development process and store their codes accordingly. This would make the codebase scalable and easy to test.

Keeping Business Logic and API Routes Separate:

Developers often get tempted to merge API routes and Business logic into one unit. But putting the Business logic of the backend with the API routes can make the codebase unnecessarily large, heavy, and complicated. To avoid this, it is important for merchants to keep the API routes and their business logic separate from each other.

Using Service Layers

Keeping the business logic separate provides developers more clarity of their application’s functionality. Further, it also amplifies the scalability and flexibility of the project by creating a cleaner codebase. Service layers basically consist of a cluster of classes with logic respective to the application methods. As a result, it makes the business logic more manageable for developers.

Using Dependency Injection

The use of Dependency injection can make the development process much easier for merchants. With the help of dependency injections available in the node.js, merchants can have the following benefits:

  1. Easier unit testing
  2. Less unproductive module coupling
  3. Accelerated Git flow

Node.js can be an amazing technology for merchants to create their software applications. However, without the use of the practices mentioned above the codebase can become messy and prone to errors. So, adapt to the mentioned project architecture best practices today for efficient Node.js development.